Many Americans who thought their retirement planning was on track before the pandemic now find their plans detoured or even derailed. Fidelity’s State of Retirement Planning study examined the extent of planning Americans have undertaken to meet their retirement goals, how they feel about those efforts and the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on their preparation. The study also looks at what worries them most and the role planning plays in allaying their stress and concern. Here are some takeaways:
Most Americans (69 percent) describe themselves as proactive or planners, and 64 percent either have a plan or have thought in detail about how to afford their desired lifestyle in retirement.
Effects of pandemic.
Among people who have lower confidence levels than before the events of the past year, 82 percent report that their retirement plans have been affected negatively by the pandemic, placing many several years behind where they otherwise would have been. Although men and women report similar recovery timelines, far more women say they are not sure just how far back they are, which likely reflects a lower rate of planning.
Despite this, eight in 10 are confident they will achieve their retirement goals. Men in particular express greater assurance: 55 percent say they are “very confident,” compared to only 39 percent of women. While many are frustrated (30 percent) or angry (11 percent), nearly half (45 percent) are hopeful or determined they will get back on track. In fact, 36 percent are more confident now than they were before the events of the past year.
When presented with a list of retirement topics that might keep them up at night, younger and older Americans answered differently. While worry over the cost of health care was a theme common to all, those closer to retirement generally had fewer worries, and they tended to be financial. For the younger generations, the concerns were more existential.
Power of planning.
The survey results suggest that the simple existence of a plan has a positive impact on financial mindset, and these benefits accrue even after just taking first steps Gen Z and Millennials more than Gen Xers or Boomers report going it alone and using online tools and calculators.
Finally, the study showed that brushing up on retirement guidelines can make a difference When planning for retirement, it can be useful to have familiarity with some of the broadly accepted fundamentals. The survey results show that a refresher may be useful for many.
Only 25 percent of respondents accurately indicated that experts recommend having 10 to 12 times their last full year of working income by the time they each retirement. Half of all respondents thought the figure would be only five or fewer times.
Twenty-eight percent said financial experts would recommend a withdrawal rate of 10 percent to 15 percent of retirement savings every year, which would use up one’s retirement savings quickly. Withdrawing that amount would be far above the suggested rate of 4 percent to 5 percent annually.
Almost three-quarters of respondents believe the stock market has seen negative returns more frequently than positive ones over the past 35 years. It may come as a pleasant surprise for people to learn that the stock market has had a positive annual return for 26 out of the past 35 years.
Health care expenses.
Most respondents underestimate the cost of out-of-pocket health care for a couple in retirement, with 37 percent estimating between $50,000 and 100,000. In fact, for a couple retiring at 65, the actual average cost throughout their retirement is three times higher, at $295,000.